## Tuesday, 23 November 2010

### UNIVERSITY OF KERALA SCHEME OF STUDIES AND SYLLABUS FOR B. TECH DEGREE 2008 ADMISSION

S1S2 Syllabus
08.101 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS I
L-T-P : 2-1-0 Credits: 6
MODULE I
Applications of differentiation:– Definition of Hyperbolic functions and their derivatives- Successive
differentiation- Leibnitz’ Theorem(without proof)- Curvature- Radius of curvature- centre of curvature-
Evolute ( Cartesian ,polar and parametric forms)
Partial differentiation and applications:- Partial derivatives- Euler’s theorem on homogeneous functions-
Total derivatives- Jacobians- Errors and approximations- Taylor’s series (one and two variables) - Maxima and
minima of functions of two variables - Lagrange’s method- Leibnitz rule on differentiation under integral sign.
Vector differentiation and applications :- Scalar and vector functions- differentiation of vector functions-
Velocity and acceleration- Scalar and vector fields- Operator  - Gradient- Physical interpretation of gradient-
Directional derivative- Divergence- Curl- Identities involving  (no proof) - Irrotational and solenoidal fields
– Scalar potential.
MODULE II
Laplace transforms:- Transforms of elementary functions - shifting property- Inverse transforms- Transforms
of derivatives and integrals- Transform functions multiplied by t and divided by t - Convolution
theorem(without proof)-Transforms of unit step function, unit impulse function and periodic functions-second
shifiting theorem- Solution of ordinary differential equations with constant coefficients using Laplace
transforms.
Differential Equations and Applications:- Linear differential eqations with constant coefficients- Method of
variation of parameters - Cauchy and Legendre equations –Simultaneous linear equations with constant
coefficients- Application to orthogonal trajectories (cartisian form only).
MODULE III
Matrices:-Rank of a matrix- Elementary transformations- Equivalent matrices- Inverse of a matrix by gauss-
Jordan method- Echelon form and normal form- Linear dependence and independence of vectors- Consistency-
Solution of a system linear equations-Non homogeneous and homogeneous equations- Eigen values and eigen
vectors – Properties of eigen values and eigen vectors- Cayley Hamilton theorem(no proof)- Diagonalisation-
index.
REFERENCES
1. Kreyszig; Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th edition, Wiley Eastern.
2. Peter O’ Neil ; Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Thomson
3. B.S.Grewal ; Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers
4. B.V.Ramana; Higher Engineering Mathematics, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2006
5. Michel D Greenberg; Advanced Engineering Mathematics,Pearson International
6. Sureshan J, Nazarudeen and Royson; Engineering Mathematics I, Zenith Publications

08.102 ENGINEERING PHYSICS
L-T-P : 2-1-0 Credits: 6
MODULE I
Oscillations and Waves
Basic ideas of harmonic oscillations – Differential equation of a SHM and its solution. Theory of damped
harmonic oscillations. Quality factor. Theory of forced harmonic oscillations and resonance. Types of waves.
One dimensional waves – Differential Equation. Harmonic waves. Three dimensional waves - Differential
Equation and solution. Plane waves and spherical waves. Energy in wave motion. Velocity of transverse waves
along a stretched string.
Electromagnetic Theory
Del operator – grad, div, curl and their physical significance. Concept of displacement current. Deduction of
Maxwell’s equations. Prediction of electromagnetic waves. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. E and
H are at right angles. Poynting’s theorem (qualitative only)
Physics of Solids
Space lattice. Unit cell and lattice parameters. Crystal systems. Co-ordination number and packing factor with
reference to simple cubic, body centered cubic and face centered cubic crystals. Directions and planes. Miller
indices. Interplanar spacing in terms of Miller indices. Super conductivity - Meissner effect. Type-I and Type-II
superconductors. BCS theory (qualitative). High temperature superconductors. Applications of superconductors.
Introduction to new materials (qualitative) -Metallic glasses, Nano materials, Shape memory alloys, Bio
materials.
MODULE II
Interference of Light
Concept of temporal and spatial coherence. Interference in thin films and wedge shaped films. Newton’s rings.
Michelson’s interferometer. Determination of wave length and thickness. Interference filters. Antireflection
coating.
Diffraction of Light
Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction. Fraunhofer diffraction at a single slit. Fraunhofer diffraction at a circular
aperture (qualitative). Rayleigh’s criterion for resolution. Resolving power of telescope and microscope. Plane
transmission grating. Resolving power of grating. Grating equation. X-ray diffraction. Bragg’s law.
Polarization of Light
Types of polarized light. Double refraction. Nicol Prism. Retardation plates. Theory of plane, circular and
elliptically polarized light. Production and analysis of circularly and elliptically polarized light. Polaroids.
Induced birefringence. Photo elasticity – isoclinic and isochromatic fringes – photo elastic bench
Special Theory of Relativity
Michelson-Morley experiment. Einstein’s postulates. Lorentz transformation equations (no derivation).
Simultaneity. Length contraction. Time dilation. Velocity addition. Relativistic mass. Mass energy relation.
Mass less particle.
MODULE III
Quantum Mechanics
Dual nature of matter. Wave function. Uncertainty principle. Energy and momentum operators. Eigen values
and functions. Expectation values. Time Dependent and Time Independent Schrodinger equations. Particle in
one dimensional box. Tunnelling (qualitative).
Statistical Mechanics
Macrostates and Microstates. Phase space. Basic postulates of Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-
Dirac statistics. Distribution equations in the three cases (no derivation). Bosons and Fermions. Density of
states. Derivation of Planck’s formula. Free electrons in a metal as a Fermi gas. Fermi energy.
Laser
Einstein’s coefficients. Population inversion and stimulated emission. Optical resonant cavity. Ruby Laser,
Helium-Neon Laser, Carbon dioxide Laser (qualitative). Semiconductor Laser (qualitative). Holography. Fiber
Optics - Numerical Aperture and acceptance angle. Types of optical fibers. Applications.

REFERENCE:
1. Sears & Zemansky ; University Physics. XI Edn.,; Pearson
2. Frank & Leno; Introduction to Optics. III Edn., , Pearson
4. David J Griffiths; Introduction to Electrodynamics, III Edn, , Pearson
5. M Ali Omar; Elementary Solid State Physics., Pearson
6. S O Pillai; Solid State Physics., New Age International Publishers
7. John R Taylor, Chris D Zafiratos & Michael A Dubson; Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers. II
Edn, Prentice Hall of India
8. Eugene Hecht; Optics. IV Edn, Pearson
9. Robert Resnick ; Introduction to Special Relativity., John Willey and Sons
10. Richard L Libboff; Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. IV Edn, Pearson
11. Donald A Mcquarrie; Statistical Mechanics., Vivo Books
12. Mark Ratner& Daniel Ratner; Nanotechnology.
13. T.A. Hassan et al; A Text Book of Engineering Physics., Aswathy Publishers, Trivandrum
14. B. Premlet; Advanced Engineering Physics , Phasor Books, Kollam.
LIST OF DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENTS
1. Newton’s Rings – Determination of wave length.
2. Air Wedge – Diameter of a thin wire
3. Spectrometer – Plane transmission grating – wavelength of light.
4. Spectrometer – Refractive indices of calcite for the ordinary and extraordinary rays.
5. Laser – Diffraction at a narrow slit.
6. Laser – Diffraction at a straight wire or circular aperture.
7. Michelson’s interferometer – Wavelength of light.
8. Michelson’s interferometer – Thickness of thin transparent film.
9. Polarization by reflection – Brewster’s law.
10. Computer stimulation – superposition of waves.
11. Computer stimulation – study of E& H. (Gauss’ law & Ampere’s law)
Pattern of Question Paper
University examination is for a maximum of 100 marks, in 3 hour duration. The syllabus is spread in 3
modules. The question paper will consist of two parts (A and B).
Part A contains short answer questions for 40 marks. This part contains 10 questions without any choice, each
of 4 marks (uniformly taken from all modules).
Part B contains long answer questions for 60 marks. From each module, this part contains 3 questions out of
which 2 are to be answered, each of 10 marks. Long answer questions from all the 3 modules will form 60
marks.

08.103 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
L-T-T : 2-1-0 Credits: 6
MODULE I
Electrochemistry - Electrodes- Electrode potential- Origin of electrode potential- Helmotz double layer- Nernst
equation and application- Reference electrodes- Standared hydrogen electrode- Saturated calomel electrode-
Quinhydron electrode-Determination of PH using these electrodes- Concentration cells- Fuel cells- Secondary
cells- Lead acid cell- Nickel cadmium cell- Lithium-ion cell. - Coductometric and Potentiometric titrations
(acid base, oxidation reduction and precipitation titrations). (12hrs)
Corrosion and its control- Theories of corrosion (chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion)- Galvanic
series- Types of corrosion (Concentration cell corrosion, Stress corrosion, Galvanic corrosion) - Factors
affecting corrosion (nature of metal and nature of environment) and different methods of corrosion control
(corrosion inhibitors, cathodic protection). (5hrs)
Protective coatings- Metallic coatings- Chemical conversion coatings- paint (4hrs)
Nano materials- Introduction-Classification-preparation (laser abrasion technique and sputtering technique)-
Chemical method (reduction)-Properties and Applications of nano materials-Nano tubes-Nano wires. (4hrs)
MODULE II
Water treatment- Types of hardness- Degree of hardness- Related problems- Estimation of hardness- by
EDTA method- Sludge and scales in boilers- Priming and foaming- Boiler corrosion-Water softening methods,
Lime-soda process, Ion exchange methods-Internal treatments (colloidal, carbonate, phosphate and calgon
conditioning)- Domestic water treatment- Methods of disinfection of water-Desalination process (Reverse
osmosis, electro dialysis- Distillation). (12hrs)
Envirnmental damages and prevention- Air pollution- CFCs and ozone depletion- Alternative refrigerents-
Green house effect-Water pollution- BOD and COD- Waste water treatment- Aerobic - Anaerobic and USAB
processes. (3hrs)
Thermal methods of analysis-Basic principles involved in Thermo gravimetry, Differential thermal analysis
and applications. (2hrs)
Spectroscopy- Molecular energy levels-Types of molecular spectra- Electronic spectra (Classification of
electronic transitions- Beer Lamberts law, Vibrational spectra (mechanism of interaction and application),
Rotational spectra (Determination of bond length and application). NMR spectra (Basic principle, chemical
shift, spin-spin splitting) (6hrs)
Chromatography- General principles- High performance liquid chromatography- Gas chromatography. (2hrs)
MODULE III
coordination polymarisation)- Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics-Compounding of plastics-Moulding
techniques of plastics (Compression, Injection, Transfer and Extrusion moulding)-Preparation, properties and
uses of PVC, PVA, PMMA, Nylon, PET, Bakelite, Urea formaldehyde resin- Silicon polymers- Biodegradable
plastics. Elastomers- structure of natural rubber- vulcanisation- synthetic rubbers (Buna-S, Butyl rubber and
Neoprene) (12hrs)
Organo electronic compounds -Super conducting and conducting organic materials like Polyaniline,
polyacetylene and [polypyrrol and its applications. (2hrs)
Fuels- Calorific value- HCV and LCV-Experimental determination of calorific value-Theoretical calculation of
calorific value by Dulongs formula - Bio fuels -Bio hydrogen and Bio-diesel (5hrs)
Lubricants- Introduction-Mechanism of lubrication- solid and liquid lubricant- Properties of lubricants-
Viscosity index- flash and fire point- cloud and pour point- aniline value. (4hrs)
Cement- Manufacture of Portland cement- Theory of setting and hardening of cement (2hrs)

LAB EXPERIMENTS (DEMONSTRATION ONLY)
1. Estimation of total hardness in water using EDTA.
2. Estimation of chloride ions in domestic water.
3. Estimation of dissolved oxygen.
4. Estimation of COD in sewage water.
5. Estimation of available chlorine in bleaching powder.
6. Estimation of copper in brass.
7. Estimation of iron in a sample of heamatite.
8. Determination of flash and fire point of a lubricating oil by Pensky Marten’s apparatus.
9. Potentiometric titrations.
10. Preparation of buffers and standardisation of PH meter.
11. Determination of molarity of HCl solution PH-metrically.
12. Determinations of PH using glass electrode and quinhydron electrode.
REFERENCES
1. H.A. Willard, L.L. Merrit and J.A. Dean ; Instrumental methods of analysis
2. A.K. De ; Environmental Chemistry
3. K.J.Klauhunde; Nanoscale materials in chemistry
4. B.R. Gowariker ; Polymer science
5. B.W.Gonser ; Modern materials
6. V.Raghavan; Material Science and engineering. A first course
7. L.H. Van Vlack ; Elements of Material science and Engineering
8. J.W.Goodby ; Chemistry of liquid crystals
9. S.Glasstone ; A text book of physical chemistry
10. P.C. Jain; Engineering Chemistry
11. Juhaina Ahad ; Engineering Chemistry
12. Shashi Chawla ; A text book of Engineering Chemistry
13. R. Gopalan, D.Venkappayya & S. Nagarajan ; Engineering Chemistry
14. J.C. Kuriakose and J. Rajaram ; Chemistry of Engineering and Technology volume I & II
15. R.N Goyal and Harmendra Goeal; Engineering Chemistry, Ane Students Edition, Thiruvananthapuram

08.104 ENGINEERING GRAPHICS
L-T-D : 1-0-2 Credits: 6
INTRODUCTION: Introduction to technical drawing and its language. Lines, lettering, dimensioning, scaling
of figures, symbols and drawing instruments. (1 sheet practice)
MODULE I
PLAIN CURVES: Conic sections by eccentricity method. Construction of ellipse: (i) Arc of circles method
(ii) Rectangle method (ii) Concentric circles method. Construction of parabola (i) Rectangle method (ii)
Tangent method. Construction of hyperbola (i) Arc of circles method (ii) given ordinate, abscissa and the
transverse axis (iii) given the asymptotes and a point on the curve. Construction of Tangent and Normal at any
point on these curves
MISCELLANEOUS CURVES: Construction of Cycloid, Epicycloid and Hypocycloid, Involute of a
circle. Archimedian spiral, Logarithmic spiral and Helix. Construction of Tangent and Normal at any point on
these curves
PROJECTION OF POINTS AND LINES: Types of projections, Principles of Orthographic projection.
Projections of points and lines. Determination of true length, inclination with planes of projection and traces of
lines.
MODULE II
PROJECTION OF SOLIDS: Projection of simple solids such as prisms, pyramids, cone, cylinder,
tetrahedron, octahedron, sphere and their auxiliary projections.
SECTIONS OF SOLIDS: Types of cutting planes, section of simple solids cut by parallel, perpendicular
and inclined cutting planes. Their projections and true shape of cut sections.
DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES: Development of surfaces of (i) simple solids like prisms, pyramids,
cylinder and cone (ii) Cut regular solids.
MODULE III
ISOMETRIC PROJECTION: Isometric scale, Isometric view and projections of simple solids like prisms,
pyramids, cylinder, cone sphere, frustum of solids and also their combinations.
INTERSECTION OF SURFACES: Intersection of surfaces of two solids as given below.
(i) Cylinder and cylinder
(ii)Prism and prism.
(iii) Cone and Cylinder
(Only cases where the axes are perpendicular to each other and intersecting with or without offset.)
PERSPECTIVE PROJECTION: Principles of perspective projection, definition of perspective
terminology. Perspective projection of simple solids like prisms and pyramids in simple positions.
General Note:
(i) First angle projection to be followed
(ii) Question paper shall contain 3 questions from each module, except from CAD.
Students are required to answer any two questions from each module.
(iii) Distribution of marks
Module -I 2 x 16 = 32
Module -II 2 x 17 = 34
Module III 2 x 17 = 34
__________
100
REFERENCES
1. Luzadder and Duff ; Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing
2. N. D. Bhatt ; Engineering Drawing
3. K. Venugopal ; Engineering Drawing and Graphics
4. P.S. Gill; Engineering Graphics
5. P.I. Varghese; Engineering Graphics
6. K.R. Gopalakrishnan; Engineering Drawing
7. Thamaraselvi; Engineering Drawing
8. K.C. John; Engineering Graphics
9. K.N. Anil Kumar; Engineering Graphics

08.105 ENGINEERING MECHANICS
L-T-P : 2-1-0 Credits: 6
MODULE I (20 HRS)
Idealizations of Mechanics- Elements of vector algebra
Statics of rigid bodies-Classification of force systems- principle of transmissibility of a force- composition and
resolution- Resultant and Equilibrant of coplanar concurrent force systems-various analytical methods- - Lami’s
theorem, method of resolution- Conditions of equilibrium-
Moment of a force, couple, properties of couple- Varignon’s theorem- Resultant and equilibrant of coplanar
non-concurrent force systems- Conditions of equilibrium. Equilibrium of rigid bodies-free body
diagrams.(simple problems)
Types of supports - types of beams - types of loading- Support reactions of simply supported and overhanging
Forces in space, equations of equilibrium, Vector approach.
Friction-Laws of friction-angle of friction- cone of friction- ladder friction- wedge friction.
MODULE II (20 HRS)
Properties of surfaces- centroid of composite areas- Theorems of Pappus-Gouldinus- Moment of inertia of
areas, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems- Radius of Gyration- moment of inertia of composite areas.
Dynamics: Kinematics-Combined motion of translation and rotation-instantaneous centre, motion of link,
motion of connecting rod and piston, wheel rolling without slipping.
Relative velocity - basic concepts-analysis of different types of problems
Kinetics- Newton’s laws of translatory motion- D’Alembert’s principle- Motion of lift- Motion of connected
bodies.
MODULE III (20 HRS)
Work, Power and Energy - Work-Energy principle-Impulse, Momentum.
Collision of elastic bodies-Law of conservation of momentum-Direct and oblique impact between elastic bodies
and impact with fixed plane.
Curvilinear motion- D’Alembert’s principle in curvilinear motion- Mass moment of inertia of rings, solid discs
and solid spheres (no derivations required)Angular momentum-Angular impulse.
Kinetics of rigid bodies under combined translatory and rotational motion – work – energy principle for rigid
bodies.
Centrifugal and centripetal forces – motion of vehicles on curved paths in horizontal and vertical planes – super
elevation – stability of vehicles moving in curved paths (qualitative ideas only).
Simple harmonic motion – vibration of mechanical systems - basic elements of a vibrating system – spring
mass model – undamped free vibrations – angular free vibration – simple pendulum.
REFERENCES:
1. Beer & Johnston, “Vector Mechanics for Engineers – Statics and Dynamics”, Tata Mc-Graw Hill
Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2005.
2. Irving. H. Shames, “Engineering Mechanics”, Prentice Hall Book Company, 1966.
3. Timoshenko S. & Young D. H., “Engineering Mechanics”, Mc-Graw Hill –International Edition
4. Popov, “Mechanics of Solids”, Pearson Education,2007
5. Kumar K.L., “Engineering Mechanics”, Tata Mc-Graw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi,
1998.
6. Rajasekaran S. & Sankarasubramanian G., “Engineering Mechanics”, Vikas Publishing House Private
Limited, New Delhi, 2003.
7. Tayal A K, “Engineering Mechanics- Statics and Dynamics” , Umesh Publications, Delhi,2004
8. Benjamin J., “Engineering Mechanics”, Pentex Book Publishers and Distributors, Kollam, 2008
Note : Question For University Examination:- Part A – 8 compulsory questions covering entire syllabus, 5
marks each. (5 x 8 = 40) Part B – Three questions of 10 marks from each module, out of which two should be
answered (10 x 2 x 3 = 60).

08.106 BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING
L-T-P : 2-1-0 Credits: 6
MODULE I
Surveying: Object and Principles of Surveying.
Linear Measurements: Direct measurements - Tape & chain only - Ranging out survey lines-Taking
measurements of sloping ground - Errors - Tape correction (problems).
Levelling: Levelling instruments - Level (Dumpy Level, Tilting Level ) Levelling Staff. Measurements in
levelling - Temporary adjustments of a level, holding the staff, reading the staff - Principles of leveling -
recording measurements in the field book - reduction of level - height of collimation method only (simple
examples).
Contour maps (Brief description only). Computation of areas - Mid ordinate rule, average ordinate rule,
Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule (examples)- Introduction to Distomat, Total Station & GPS (Brief description
only)
MODULE II
Building construction: Selection of site for buildings - types of buildings - Components of buildings.
Foundation: Different types - Spread footing, Isolated footing, Combined footing, Mat foundation¸ Pile
foundation (description only).
Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil: Importance of determination of the Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil (brief
description only).
Super structure: Masonry - stone masonry, brick masonry –Types- desirable qualities of stone and brick.
Partition: Materials used for making partition - plywood, particle boards & glass.
Doors, windows & ventilators : Types - materials used for the construction of doors and windows - wood, steel
& Aluminium.
Plastering: Mortar – properties - Preparation of Cement mortar
Painting: Preparation of surfaces for painting - plastered, wood and steel surfaces- Types of paint - enamel,
emulsion & distemper. Flooring: Types - mosaic tiles, ceramic tiles, marble, granite and synthetic materials.
Roofing: Selection of type of roof -flat roof, sloping roof -Concrete roof, tiled roof. Selection of roof covering
materials. GI Sheet , AC Sheet, PVC Sheet
MODULE III
Concrete: Ingredients- cement, aggregate, and water. Qualities of ingredients (brief description only).
Tests on Cement - consistency, initial and final setting times. Compressive strength -IS Specifications.
Aggregates – desirable qualities of fine and coarse aggregates
Plain Cement Concrete (PCC): preparation-proportioning-mixing of concrete.
Steel-common types used in construction- Mild Steel, HYSD Steel and their properties.
Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC)-advantages of RCC over Plain Cement Concrete.
Elementary ideas on pre-cast and pre-stressed concrete constructions.
Building services – vertical transportation – stairs – types, escalators and elevators, ramps (brief description
only). Plumbing services- brief description of water supply and sewage disposal arrangements for residential
buildings.
REFERENCE:
1. Adler R., Vertical Transportation for Buildings, American Elsevier Publishing Company, New York.1970
2. B.C Punmia, “Surveying & Leveling” Vol. – I, Laxmi publications(P) Ltd,N.Delhi, 2004
3. Rangwala., Building Materials,Charotar publishing house, 2001
4. Rangwala, “Building Construction” , Charotar Publishing House., 2004
5. S.K. Roy, “Fundamentals of Surveying” Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi.2004
6. Rangwala.,“Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering”, Charotar Publishing House. 1990
7. Moorthy, “Building Construction”, Modern Publishing House distributor., 1957
8. Jha and Sinha, “Construction and Technology”
9. Narayanan and Lalu Mangal ,”Introduction to Civil Engineering”Phasor Books,Kollam.
10. Santha Minu, “Basic Civil Engineering” Karunya Publications,Trivandrum
Note: The question paper will consists of two parts. Part I and part II.
Part I is Compulsory covering the entire syllabus, for 40 marks. It contains 8 questions of 5 marks each.
Part II is to cover 3 modules. There will be two questions (20 marks each) from each module out of
which one from each module is to be answered. (20 X 3 = 60)

08.107 BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
L-T-P/D : 3-1-0 Credits: 6
MODULE I
Thermodynamics : Basic concepts and definitions of Zeroth law, First law, Second law of thermodynamicsconcept
of reversibility and entropy. p-v and T-s diagrams
Air cycles: Carnot, Otto and Diesel cycles-Air standard efficiency (simple problems)
IC Engines: Working and comparison of two stroke and four stroke petrol and diesel engines - general
description of various systems using block diagrams – air system, fuel system, ignition system and governing
system. A brief description of CRDI, MPFI, GDI and Hybrid Vehicles
Steam boilers: Classification – Cochran boiler, Babcock and Wilcox boiler, Benson boiler- fluidized bed
combustion,
MODULE II
Principles and fields of application of - compressors - reciprocating and centrifugal, blower, pumpsreciprocating,
centrifugal and jet pumps, steam and hydraulic turbines- impulse and reaction, gas turbine cyclesopen
and closed
Elementary ideas of hydro electric, thermal and nuclear power plants
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning: Refrigerants, CFC free refrigerants. Vapor compression refrigeration system,
Comfort and Industrial air conditioning-typical window air conditioning unit (general description only).
MODULE III
Mechanical Power transmission systems: Belt, rope and gear drives-types, comparison and fields of applicationvelocity
ratio-slip (simple problems) friction disc, single plate clutch, gear trains (no derivations).
Manufacturing processes: Elementary ideas of casting, forging, rolling, welding, soldering and brazing
Machining processes- turning, taper turning, thread cutting, shaping, drilling, grinding, milling (simple sketches
and short notes).
Non conventional machining - Electro discharge machining (EDM) and Electro chemical machining (ECM)
Principle, application and advantages of C N C machine
REFERENCES
1. Spalding and Cole, “Engineering Thermodynamics”
2. Gill, Smith and Zuirys, “Fundamentals of IC Engines”
3. Amstead, Ostwald and Begeman, “Manufacturing processes”
4. Crouse, “Automobile Engineering”
5. Roy and Choudhary, “Elements of Mechanical Engineering”
6. Hajra Choudhary, “Workshop Technology”
7. R K Bensal, “Fluid mechanics and machines”
8. J Benjamin, “Basic Mechanical Engineering”
Note: Lectures are to be supplemented by demonstration in laboratories.
The question paper will consist of two parts.
Part I is to be compulsory for 40 marks. This may contain 10 questions of 4 marks each.
Part II is to cover 3 modules. There can be 3 questions from each module (10 marks each) out of which 2 are to be answered.

08.108 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
L-T-P : 2-1-0 Credits 6
MODULE I
Elementary concepts - Kirchoffs laws - Magnetic Circuits - MMF, field strength, flux density, reluctance –
problems in series magnetic circuits. Review of electromagnetic induction - Faradays laws, Lenz's law -
statically induced and dynamically induced emf - self and mutual induction - inductance.
Alternating current fundamentals - generation of alternating currents – waveforms - frequency - period -
average and rms values - form factor. Phasor representation of alternating quantities - rectangular polar and
exponential forms.
Analysis of simple ac circuits – concept of impedance and admittance - phasor representation - j notation -
power and power factor in ac circuits - active and reactive components. Solution of RL, RC and RLC series
circuits.
Three phase systems - generation of three phase voltage - star and delta connection - relation between phase and
line values of voltage and current - phasor representation - three wire and four wire systems.
Measurement of power in three phase circuits ( two wattmeter method). Measurement of energy – working of
1-phase energy meter.
MODULE II
Transformers - Principle of operation - EMF equation - constructional details of single phase and three phase
transformers
Methods of bulk generation of electric power. Block schematic of layout of generating stations - hydroelectric,
thermal and nuclear power plants. Renewable energy sources - solar, wind, tidal, wave and geothermal energy.
Bulk transmission of electric power - typical electrical power transmission scheme - need for high transmission
voltage - substations - substation equipments. Primary and secondary transmission and distribution systems
Different methods of wiring for LT installations. Schematic layout of LT switchboards. Earthing of installations
- necessity of earthing - plate and pipe earthing. Protective fuses, MCBs, ELCBs and switches.
Working of incandescent lamps, -fluorescent lamps, energy efficient lamps
MODULE III
Diodes - PN junction diodes,. V-I characteristics, dynamic & static resistance, principle of working and V-I
characteristics of Zener diode, principle of Photo diode, Solar cell, & LED.
Rectifiers & power supplies - block diagram description of a dc power supply, circuit diagram & working of
half-wave & full wave rectifier, final equations of Vrms, Vdc, ripple factor and peak inverse voltage in each
case, principle of working of series inductor and shunt capacitor filters. Working of simple zener voltage
regulator.
Power devices – V – I characteristics and applications of SCR and Triac Working principle of UPS and SMPS
Transducers – Resistance strain guage, thermistor, LVDT

REFERENCES
1. V.N. Mitlle, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990.
2. DP Kothari, LJ Nagrath, “Theory and Problems of Basic Electrical Engineering”, Prentice Hall of India,
2000.
3. B.L. Thereja, “A Text Book of Electrical Technology”, Volume I, S Chand & Co, New Delhi, 1992.
4. Francis M Fernandez, “A Basic Course in Electrical Engineering”, Rajath Publishers, Ernakulam.
5. TP Imthias Ahmed, B. Premlet, “Introduction to Electrical Engineering”, Phaser Books, Kollam
6. Gopakumar, “Introduction To Electronics and Communications”, .Phasor Books, Kollam
7. Millman and Halkias, "Integrated Electronics: Analog and digital circuits and systems", McGraw-Hill
Book Co
8. Edward Hughes, “Electrical and Electronic Technology”, Pearson Education, 2002.
9. ML Soni, PU Guptha, US Bhatnagar and A Chakrabarthy, “A Text Book on Power System Engineering”,
Dhanpath Rai & Sons, New Delhi 1997
10. N.N.Bhargava, “Basic Electronics and Linear Circuits”, Tata McGraw Hill
11. Rangan C.S., Sarma G.R., and Mani V.S.V., "Instrumentation Devices and Systems", Tata McGraw Hill,
1992.
12. Muhammad H. Rashid, “Power Electronic Circuits, Devices and Applications”, Pearson education, Asia
2003.
Note : The question paper will consist of two parts. Part – A is to be compulsory for 40 marks (10 questions of
4 marks each). Part-B is to cover 3 modules for 60 marks. (50% choice- One out of two or two out of four from
each module).

08.109 BASIC COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION ENGINEERING
L-T-P : 2-1-0 Credits: 6
MODULE I (Qualitative Treatment)
(a) Bipolar junction transistors: NPN & PNP transistors, structure, typical doping, working of NPN transistor,
concepts of common base, common emitter & common collector configurations, current gain of each, input &
output characteristics of common emitter configuration, comparison of three configurations with reference to
voltage & current gain, input & output resistances and applications. (6 hrs)
(b) Field effect Transistors : basic principles of JFET, MESFET and MOSFET, comparison with BJT. (3 hrs)
(c) Amplifiers & Oscillators: circuit diagram & working of common emitter amplifier, function of each
component in the circuit, need of proper biasing, frequency response, voltage gain and 3dB bandwidth, concepts
of class A, B, AB and Class C power amplifiers, circuit diagram & working of push pull amplifiers, concepts
of feedback, working principles of oscillators, circuit diagram & working of RC phase shift oscillator (7 hrs)
(d) Integrated circuits: advantages of ICs, analog and digital ICs, functional block diagram of operational
amplifier, ideal operational amplifier,use as inverting amplifier, non inverting amplifier, summing amplifier,
integrator and comparator. (4 hrs)
(e) Digital ICs:logic gates, realization of logic functions, principle of combinational and sequential logic
circuits, flip flop (JK), logic families: TTL and CMOS Logic (No internal diagram) (4 hrs)
(f) IC fabrication: purification of silicon, crystal growth, wafer preparation. unit process: oxidation, diffusion,
ion implantation, epitaxy, deposition, photolithography. (4 hrs)
MODULE II (Qualitative Treatment)
(a) Measurements: principle and block diagram of analog and digital multimeter, working principle of CRT,
block diagram of CRO, measurements using CRO, principle of digital storage oscilloscope, principle and block
diagram of function generator.(5hrs)
(b) Radio communication: principle of AM & FM, wave forms, bandwidths, block diagrams of AM & FM
transmitters, principle of AM &FM demodulation, comparison of AM & FM,principle &block diagram of super
(c) Color television: TV Standards,interlaced scanning, block diagram of PAL TV transmitter & receiver, basic
principles of cableTV, CCTV system, basic principles of HDTV, basic principles of LCD & Plasma displays.
(5 hrs)
(e) Satellite communication: microwave frequency bands, concept of geo-stationary satellite, frequency bands
used, satellite transponder, block diagram of earth station transmitter & receiver, advantages of satellite
communication, principle of Global Positioning System (GPS). (3 hrs)
(f) Optical communication: block diagram of the optical communication system, principle of light
transmission through fiber, concepts of Single Mode and Multi Mode optical fiber, working principle of source
(semiconductor Laser) & detector ( PIN,APD), advantages of optical communication. (5 hrs)
MODULE III (Qualitative Treatment)
(a) Computer Architecture: functional units: basic concept of ALU- data path and control, memory
hierarchy, caches, main memory, virtual memory, operating systems, microprocessors - functional block
diagram of 8085 (9 hrs)
(b) Data communication: overview, analog and digital data transmission, transmission media, digitization of
wave forms, PCM , digital modulation techniques- ASK, PSK, FSK, basic concepts of error detection , parity
checking. (6hrs)
(c) Mobile communication: basic principles of cellular communications, concepts of cells, frequency reuse,
principle and block diagram of GSM,principle of CDMA, WLL & GPRS technologies. (4hrs)

(d) Internet Technology: concepts of networking: client - server computing, IP addresses, domain names,
network interface unit - modem, switching technologies- circuit switching and packet switching,
LAN,MAN,WAN &World wide web, network topologies, communication protocols- TCP/IP, Introduction to
web languages-HTML ,XML, internetworking concepts, network devices- basic principles of router, bridge,
switch, network security- Firewall. (7 hrs)
REFERENCES
1. Santiram Kal, Basic Electronics – Devices, Circuits and IT fundamentals, PHI
2. Louis.E.Frenzel, Principles of Electronic Communication Systems, TMH
3. William Stallings, Wireless Communications and Networks, Pearson Education.
4. M.Moris Mano, Computer Architecture, PHI
5. Neil H E Weste,Kamran Eshraghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI design – A system perspective, Pearson
Education [Module 1(f)]
6. David A. Bell, Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements, PHI .[Module 2(a)]
7. N N Bhargava,D C Kulshreshtha,S C Gupta, Basic Electronics & Linear Circuits, TMH
8. ITL Education Solution Ltd., Introduction to Information Technology, Pearson Education, 5th edition,
2008
9. R.R. Gulati, Monochrome and Colour Television, New Age International [Module 2 (c)]
10. K Gopakumar, Introduction to Electronics & Communication , 3rd edition, 2008,Phasor
Publisher’s,Kollam
This subject shall be handled by faculty of Dept. of Electronics and Communication in the Colleges.
Question Paper
The question paper shall consist of two parts. Part I is to cover the entire syllabus, and carries 40 marks. This
shall contain 10 compulsory questions of 4 marks each. Part II is to cover 3 modules, and carries 60 marks.
There shall be 3 questions from each module (10 marks each) out of which 2 are to be answered.

08.110 ENGINEERING WORKSHOPS
L-T-P : 0-0-2 Credits: 4
A. Carpentry:
Study of tools and joints. Practice in planning, chiseling, marking and sawing. Joints – Cross joint, T
joint, Dove tail joint.
B. Fitting:
Study of tools, Practice in filing, cutting, drilling and tapping. Male and female joints, Stepped joints.
C. Sheet Metal Work:
Study of tools. Selection of different gauge GI sheets for jobs. Practice on riveted joints. Preparing
tube joints, frustums, trays and containers.
D: Plumbing:
Study of tools. Details of plumbing work in domestic and industrial applications. Study of pipe joints,
cutting, threading and laying of pipes with different fittings using PVC pipes. Use of special tools in
plumbing work.
E. Foundry:
Study of tools. Preparation of sand, moulding practice and demonstration of casting.
F. Welding:
Study of welding machines. Straight line practices, Making of Butt joint, T joint and Lap joint.
G. Smithy:
Study of tools. Demonstration on forging of square prism, hexagonal bolt, T bolt and Eye bolt.
H. Machine Tools:
Study and demonstration on working of machine tools. Lathe and Drilling machine.
NOTE: For the university examination the student shall be examined in sections A, B, C, D and E
only.